Project Extension
History of The Slovak Republic various stronger political entities
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The Slovak Republic became independent on January 1, 1993 after the Velvet Divorce where Czechoslovakia separated into the Czech and Slovak Republics but until just 17 years ago the Slovak Republic has been under the rule of various stronger states. Settled by Slavic Slovaks in the 6th century, Slovakia was politically linked to the Moravian Empire by the 9th century. Magyars or Hungarians conquered the Moravian state in 907 and until 1918 Slovakia remained under Hungary's control. It was in these years Slovaks faced the worst of cultural suppression and forced assimilation by Magyars. This was called Magyarization and it was considered an official law by the both the Habsberg and Autria-Hungary Empires. Slovak school wee closed, the charter Matica Slovenska was annulled, art and history collections were confiscated, Slovak children were forbidden to learn the Slovak language, the Slovak history, or even exercise freedom of religion. Thousands of Slovaks emigrated to America otherwise suffered until reforms were made in the 1990s. Despite this oppression the Slovaks managed to hold onto their culture and customs which they could express more freely with the collapse of the Habsberg Empire after the first World War. Slovakia joined Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia to form Czechoslovakia. However, soon after in 1939, Germany occupied Czehoslovakia and made it a German protectorate. After agreeing to cede Sudetenland to Germany the Slovaks were forced to declare independence on March 14 of that year and joined World War II on the side of the Axis. The new Slovak Republic became a puppet state for Germany. After being liberated by the Soviet Union in 1945, Slovakia rejoined with Czech states to reform Czechoslovakia. When the Communist Party took power in 1948, Slovakia was again subjected to a centralized Czech-dominated government, and antagonism between the two republics developed. Through the Velvet Divorce Czechoslovakia spilt into two republics due to cultural differences never resolved.